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Gender Neutral Baby Names

Gender Neutral Baby Names

by Pamela Redmond Satran

When we named Gender Neutral Baby Names as our Number 1 trend for 2016, we were mostly just guessing. Oh sure, the guess was backed up by some strong cultural trends, from marriage equality to trans recognition, as well as a raft of gender neutral celebrity baby names.

But when The New York Times asked us whether we could back up the trend with, you know, actual statistics, we weren’t entirely positive what we’d find. Baby name prognosticating is as tricky as any other kind of forecasting, relying as much on instinct as on science. Our gut told us that baby names that defied gender categories were on the rise for both girls and boys. But would the numbers bear that out?

Our discovery, as reported in today’s New York Times by Alex Williams: The number of babies with truly unisex names — those most evenly split between the sexes  —  has exploded in the past ten years.  And boys are getting these post-gender names as often as girls, with 60 percent more babies getting gender neutral names in 2015 than in 2005.

How do we define truly unisex baby names? Those with at least a 35/65 split between the sexes.  Babies given names with wider gender splits — 20/80 or 90/10 — rose in number too, but less than ten percent in the past decade.

The rise in babies with gender neutral names is even more dramatic if you look at the span of a generation, comparing 1985 and 2015. In that time, the number of babies with 35/65 unisex names rose 88 percent; with 90/10 names, 105 percent; and with 80/20 names, 157 percent — nearly triple.

The Top 25 Baby Names that are truly unisex, with the number of children of both genders who were given the name in 2015 and their gender split, are:

Name

Girls

Boys

Total

PercentGirls

Hayden

1703

2712

4415

38

Charlie

1554

1662

3216

48

Emerson

1780

1191

2971

59

Rowan

982

1799

2781

35

Finley

1598

1055

2653

60

River

941

1499

2440

38

Dakota

1323

931

2254

58

Skyler

1111

902

2013

55

Phoenix

691

1152

1843

37

Tatum

775

466

1241

62

Justice

696

543

1239

56

Milan

406

723

1129

35

Lennon

604

440

1044

57

Royal

371

646

1017

36

Armani

428

556

984

43

Lennox

377

597

974

38

Oakley

471

493

964

48

Remy

328

552

880

37

Casey

341

515

856

39

Emory

452

269

721

62

Azariah

326

358

684

47

Landry

297

260

557

53

Briar

330

203

533

61

Baylor

215

280

495

43

Frankie

269

205

474

56

Another remarkable finding indicating that we are moving toward a greater acceptance of gender neutral baby names: We’re using them more often for boys. The balance tipped from 48 percent of the Top 25 unisex names going to boys in 2005 to 54 percent of them going to boys in 2015.

In other words, parents are more likely today than they were ten years ago to use a popular gender neutral name for a boy, a refreshing turnaround.

Some specific names that are going in the boys’ direction: Casey, the Number 1 unisex name in 2005 when it was split evenly between the genders, is now over 60 percent male. Hollis and Remy have gone from half  to two-thirds male, and Phoenix has risen from 60 to 67 percent male.

Celebrities can have a huge influence on the gender identity of names. Channing Tatum, for instance, has turned the image of his name from less than ten percent male a decade ago to nearly 40 percent male now. Hayden Panettiere has done the same thing in the opposite direction, taking that name from only 11 percent to 38 percent female in the past ten years.

But the celebrity influence doesn’t always take the gender direction you’d predict.

 Football star Peyton Manning‘s first name, for instance, has moved from just over half to three-quarters female in the past decade. And while the name Lennon is vastly more popular overall, its gender balance has shifted dramatically toward the girls, 57 percent female now vs. 14 percent a decade ago.

About the Author

Pamela Redmond

Pamela Redmond is the cocreator and CEO of Nameberry. and Baby Name DNA. The coauthor of ten bestselling baby name books, Redmond is an internationally-recognized name expert, quoted and published widely in such media outlets as the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, The Today Show,, CNN, and the BBC. Redmond is also a New York Times bestselling novelist whose books include Younger, the basis for the hit television show, and its new sequel, Older.