It’s Throwback Thursday, and since we’re a few days away from MartinLutherKingDay, and have recently been reminded of the Civil Rights leader’s achievements and struggles in the movie Selma, we’re looking back today to our blog honoring some of the most worthy namesakes among Dr. King’s fellow barrier-breaking heroes and heroines of the movement.
MODJESKA Monteith Simkins –a leader of public health and social reform and the civil rights movement in South Carolina
ODETTA — the iconic folk singer was a leading voice for civil rights, joining Dr King in the march on Selma and singing at the 1963 March on Washington
PRATHIAHall — an important activist leader of SNCC
ROSAParks – considered “the mother of the modern civil rights movement,” whose refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white passenger, and consequent arrest, were instrumental in inciting a social revolution
RUBYDee – with her husband OssieDavis, she formed the Association of Artists for Freedom, urging donations to civil rights causes, and was involved in several demonstrations
AARONHenry – a respected Mississippi activist who joined the Freedom Riders in 1961and led a large-scale voter registration drive
ADAMClaytonPowell , Jr –an outspoken Congressman who aggressively pursued anti-discrimination legislation
AMZIE Moore – he worked with Medgar Evers to build the Regional Council of Negro Leadership; his home was used as a “safe house” for Dr. King, JesseJackson and others
ANDREWYoung –a trusted aide to Dr. King, eventually becoming executive director of the SCLC; he was with Dr. King when he was assassinated
BAYARDRustin —an organizer of the Great March on Washington in 1963, he was a vital force in the civil rights movement from the 1940s on
CLAUDEBlack – the Baptist minister who organized and led marches throughout Texas
CLYDEKennard –a civil rights activist unjustly imprisoned In Mississippi
EMMETTTill – the 14-year-old Chicago boy whose brutal murder mobilized the civil rights movement
HARRY Belafonte –the popular singer was an early supporter of the movement and a confidant of Dr. King (shown in illustration)
HOSEAWilliams – one of Dr. King’s most trusted lieutenants, he protested racial discrimination in some of the most violent confrontations of the civil rights movement
JESSEJackson — a civil rights activist, the founder of the Rainbow Coalition, and a Presidential candidate
JULIAN(born Horace) Bond – he helped found the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), served in the Georgia Legislature, and was chairman of the NAACP.
LYNDONJohnson – insured the passage of President Kennedy’s Civil Rights Bill and the 1964 Voting Rights Act, giving African-Americans more political and economic opportunities (though not represented as such in Selma).
MEDGAR Evers – the slain field secretary of the NAACP, and one of the movement’s first martyrs
MYLESHorton –called “The Father of the Civil Rights Movement,” he taught and influenced many of the era’s leaders, including Dr. King, RosaParks and Ralph Abernathy