Gwyneth Paltrow and Chris Martin's choice of this white-bearded Old Testament name helped bring it into the modern age, along with brethren Elijah, Isaiah, and Isaac. User-friendly nicknames include Moe and Mose.
The biblical story of Moses is, of course, one of the most familiar from the Old Testament--Moses being found as a baby in the bulrushes, growing up to lead the Israelites out of Egyptian bondage and into the Promised Land, then bringing down the Ten Commandments from Mount Sinai.
Moshe, as in Israeli statesman Dayan, is the Yiddish form of the name. In Spanish, it is Moises.
A namesake from the world of sports is NBA Hall of Famer Moses Malone; Mose Allison is a jazz blues pianist and singer.