Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm, German-French journalist, art critic and diplomat
Melchior d'Hondecoeter, Dutch bird painter
Melchior Lengyel (born Lebovics Menyhért), Hungarian novelist and playwright
Melchior Anderegg, Swiss mountaineer
Melchior Ndadaye, 4th President of Burundi
Melchior Hoffman, German Anabaptist prophet and leader
Melchior Klesl, Austrian statesman and cardinal
Melchior Lobkowicz, son of PrinceMaximilian & PrincessAlina Lobkowicz
Melchior Gabor, main character in musical "Spring Awakening"
Melchior, villain in animated series "Teen Titans"
Melchior Sturmthal, banner-bearer of Berne in Sir WalterScott's "Anne of Geierstein" (1829)
Feminized as Melchora