Although they could be easily confused, Elsbeth is a fairly unusual contracted German version of Elizabeth, while cousin Elspeth hails from Scotland. With its 'beth' ending, Elsbeth feels closer to the mother name.
Elsbeth Stagel, German historian and mystic
Elsbeth RuthJuda, German-British photographer
Elsbeth Schragmüller aka Fraulein Doktor, German WWI spy Elisabet "Elsbeth" van Rooy-Vink, Dutch Olympic cyclist