Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel, Romanian-American author and Holocaust survivor
EliezerBen‑Yehuda, Litvak lexicographer and newspaper editor
Eliezer ben Hurcanus, a Kohen, one of the most prominent tannaim of the 1st and 2nd centuries
EliezerShlomo Yudkowsky, American decision theorist, writer, and advocate for Friendly artificial intelligence
Eliezer ben Nathan of Mainz, German halakist and liturgical poet
EliezerYehuda Waldenberg, Israeli known as the Tzitz Eliezer after his monumental halachic treatise Tzitz Eliezer.
Eliezer Kaplan, Zionist activist, Israeli politician, one of the signatories of the Israeli declaration of independence, first Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister.
Eliezer ben Yoel HaLevi of Bonn, German Rabbinic scholar
Eliezer ben Jose, 2nd century Judean rabbi
Eliezer Berkovits, Romanian-Israeli rabbi, theologian, and educator
Eliezer ben Jacob I, Tanna of the 1st century.
Eliezer ben Samuel of Metz, German Tosafist, author of the halachic work Sefer Yereim (Vilna 1892).
Eliezer ben Isaac ha-Gadol, 11th century German rabbi